Copyright is very important to consider in any online content creation.
- Licensing material can only be done by the creator or owner of the material. You cannot put a licence on someone else’s work.
- Licences are irrevocable - so be very careful with what you license!
- Always make sure that materials you use have the appropriate licence for use. To upload work that is not your own, you must have permission from the author to use, copy, or modify their work
- If the copyright for the work is owned by UBC you can upload the work and specify this ownership
- The author may place a creative commons licence on their own work. You cannot license material that is not your own and must respect the exact licence that has been placed on any work that you may want to use (e.g. Attribution: CC BY differs from Attribution N-Derivs: CC BY ND and are not interchangeable).
- If the work was created by a department or agency of the Government of Canada, you must follow the copyright terms specified by that department. If copyright terms are not specified for the work you may not upload the resource; however, you may provide a reference or link to the resource, or obtain permission from that department or agency to upload the work. Modifying a resource produced by a department or agency of the Government of Canada is not permitted.
- If the resource or work is in the Public Domain (i.e. the copyright has expired in Canada) you may upload the work. Although legally you do not have to reference a Public Domain author, you must reference where the original work is from in order to maintain academic integrity at UBC
- Visit http://copyright.ubc.ca for more information about the public domain
- Creative commons (CC) licensed materials are free for other people to use, with acknowledgement of the source.
- For a list of the different CC licences and how to identify them click here
- To find CC materials: Google search your term and click on the wheel on the upper right corner of the screen and select "Advanced Search" → "Usage Rights" and click on the appropriate license type (ex. free to use, share, and modify). Then click "Advanced Search".
- CC Search allows you to search for only Creative Commons licensed materials on various search engines
- Always make sure that any materials you use are properly attributed
- For guidance on how to properly attribute media visit Multimedia Attribution
- Ensure you acknowledge any funders or contributors to the project (e.g. funding source, the LFS Learning Centre, actors, filming crew, etc.).
- If uploading onto a wiki page, you will be required to put a creative commons licence on the work prior to posting it. The upload wizard will automatically prompt you to do this. To upload work onto a wiki page see this link.
UBC-created online resources that provide more information:
Plagiarism, whether intentional or unintentional, has serious consequences legally and severely compromises your academic integrity. There are many types of plagiarism which can be difficult to identify. To brush up your awareness of plagiarism, visit this LFS plagiarism information page.
What are Adult Learning Principles?
The Adult Learning Theory (Malcom Knowles, 1980) works off the basic assumption that adults are intrinsically different than children in how they learn. They differ by these unique characteristics:
1. Adults need to be involved in the planning and evaluation of their learning
2. Past experience and mistakes form the base from which learning takes place
3. Adults are most interested in learning concepts that have direct relevance to their lives
4. Adult learning is problem-centered rather than content oriented.
Why do I need to consider them when I'm creating media?
Your media will only make a real difference if adults can learn well from it by connecting to the media type and content presentation, otherwise you risk wasting your time. The following principles are ways to incoporate the Adult Learning Theory into eLearning:
1. Highlight the relevance of the learning to learner's real lives
2. Encourage learning by doing instead of simply memorization
3. Connect learning to the diverse past experiences of learners
4. Allow adults learners to be self-directed in their approach to learning. Avoid being too prescriptive.
For more information, check out these resources:
The following video is by Derek Muller, the founder and director of Veritasium science videos. He shares the technique he has found to make videos most effective for education.
Also keep in mind that people usually stop watching a video at 6-8 minutes, so keep films (and media in general) short and snappy.
For more resources about designing effective media, see the following links:
Cathy Moore's Blog - Let's save the world from boring training!
Tom Kuhlman's Blog - The Rapid E-Learning Blog
eLearning Network - eLearning tips from the pros