Charting

width=420

The main reason why charting is important is to facilitate patient-centered care.

  • A chart is a compiled record of all medical treatment that a patient has received since admission. Every patient will have their own chart.
  • It is also a tool for evaluating the efficacy of medical treatment and the progression of patient care.
  • From a health care standpoint, charts provide a record of patient care for which can be continually evaluated for quality improvement.
  • A chart also serves in economic purposes since it is used to manage resources within the institution and funding.


Two ways to understand charts are as follows:

  • Charts are legal documents
    • Charts maintain a record that the highest standard of care was given to the patient. It provides evidence that healthcare workers did their best work for each patient.
    • Charts are also audited for care quality improvement. Health institutions are legally required to evaluate, monitor and improve health care practices.
    • Charts are confidential documents.
    • From a legal standpoint, if you didn't chart it, then you didn't do it.

Here is a short video explaining more about the legal aspect of charting:


  • Charts are communication tools
    • Chart notes are important tools to communicate the care plan and changes in patient status to other members of the healthcare team.
      • Doctors, specialists, nurses, speech-language pathologists, occupational therapists, radiologists and many more professionals will write in the chart.
    • Charting can play a role in communicating the dietitian's job as part of the healthcare team.

Concept map showing the major areas of a medical chart


This Videoscribe is intended to introduce viewers to the 12 most common sections of a medical chart:



This handout contains the information from the Videoscribe, if you would like to print it out and bring it with you to your internship placements.

File:Charting PDF Handout.pdf


Differences in Charting Styles

Preceptors will have different charting styles. It is important to to be adaptable to these differences. You can learn from these these different approaches in order to develop a charting method that works for you.


"The biggest learning curve for myself was definitely the fact that every preceptor had their own charting method. Some preceptors expected you to include all information that you would typically chart, even if it doesn't impact the patient at the time being. Other preceptors may just ask you to chart what is relevant at that exact moment...You have to be adaptive and adjust to your preceptor's specific style. It might take a couple assessments/followups to get used to it, but you guys should have no issues adjusting."

- Intern, Vancouver Coastal Health


"In order to adapt, I looked at my preceptors' chart notes in the first couple of days of the placement in order to get an idea of how they format their chart notes, what sort of data they include and to what level of detail. Then I charted according to those observations. It required conscious effort to adapt to each preceptors' charting style. I found that it helped to ask questions about my preceptors' charting style in the beginning. While they were editing my chart notes, I made sure to understand why they were editing certain things and what I could improve on."

- Intern, Fraser Health


When Learning How to Chart

Effective charting takes practice. When you’re starting out, remember to keep your notes direct, concise, and well organized.


"For the first nutrition care module I wrote draft notes, sought feedback and then wrote a final copy in the chart. Slowly I started to just write ghost notes for topics to mention in the chart notes and then just wrote chart notes with no draft. Occasional errors will happen, and that is fine. You can always add addendum's if you forget information as well."

- Intern, Island Health


"Keeping a list of key phrases is also helpful because there are some things you will say over and over again and there’s no need to reinvent the wheel! This way you have phrases you’ve already made sure are clear and concise ready to use."

- Intern, Interior Health


"If you're unsure about what you should chart, it's best to include all nutritionally relevant information."

- Intern, Vancouver Coastal Health


"[Interns struggle with] being concise, clear and organized. Practice, practice, practice and read preceptor notes to get an idea of how things may be best worded to communicate the message. Discuss with each preceptor to confirm their expectations; review/read the preceptor notes to get an idea of how they are documenting; be adaptable, flexible and open to feedback."

- Preceptor, Vancouver Coastal Health


"One of the big challenges I see is to be concise. I think a strategy to help overcome this would be to think about what information is useful to other health care team members. I have suggested to keep the question of "what information do I need to share" in mind as interns are charting. For example, some information like the details of a diet history may be very useful and interesting to us, but for the health care team they may just want to know whether or not we think the individual is meeting their nutritional requirements."

- Dietitian, BC Cancer Agency

Charting styles vary within each health authority, they also vary from institution to institution. Have a look at our chart to see what charting style each health authority predominantly uses. It is important to note that many health authorities have started or plan to switch to electronic charting.

Health Authority Charting Style
Northern Health ADIME[1]
Providence Health SOAP (updating to electronic Cerner Software in the next three years)[2]
Interior Health Meditech Electronic Medical Records templates called Data, Assessment, Goals, Plan (follows SOAP format)[3]
Coastal Health No set format, can be SOAP, Focus DAO (Data, Action, Outcome) charting, Narrative, or a blend of these[4]
Island Health No set format, can be SOAP or other. Some facilities use IHealth Electronic Medical Record[5]
Fraser Health ADIME[6]
Provincial Health Services Authority SOAP[7]

Is SOAP new to you? Here is a general overview of the commonly used framework:

Infographic: SOAP as an NCP communication framework.

Under the ICDEP framework, documentation skills and charting are relevant to meeting practice competency 1.10; for the internship, the focus would be on attaining performance indicators b, d, e, and g.[8] To view what these are specifically, see page 9 of the ICDEP document from the PDEP website.


1. Slideshow: Patient Medical Chart

2. Slideshow: Screening Nutrition Care Process

3. Article: Applying the Nutrition Care Process: Nutrition Diagnosis and Intervention

4. Article: Goal Directed Charting: Developing Competent Clinicians

5. Article: A meta-study of the essentials of quality nursing documentation - find by DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-172X.2009.01815.x

6. Article: Evaluation of Nutrition Care Process documentation in electronic patient records: Need of improvement - find by DOI: 10.1111/1747-0080.12128

7. Article: Registered nurses' decision-making regarding documentation in patients' progress notes. - find by DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2012.04135.x\

  1. Courtenay Hopson, RD, UHNBC, personal communication, May 2016
  2. Frances Johnson, RD, St. Pauls Hospital, personal communication, May 2016
  3. Coleen Ellens, RD, Mandy Kennedy, RD, Interior Health, personal communication, May 2016
  4. Eileen Cabrera, RD, Vancouver General Hospital, personal communication, May 2016
  5. Melanie Lee, RD, Island Health, personal communication, May 2016
  6. Liz da Silva, RD, Diane Underhill, RD, Fraser Health, personal communication, May 2016
  7. Karina Austin, RD, BC Cancer Agency, May 2016
  8. Partnership for Dietetic Education and Practice. The Integrated Competencies for Dietetic Education and Practice. PDEP Website. http://www.pdep.ca/files/Final_ICDEP_April_2013.pdf. Published April 2013.
source: http://wiki.ubc.ca/Dietetics:Charting